Exploring Akufo-Addo’s dedication to training; coverage, spending, and outcomes


Earlier than it rose from the primary assembly of its first session, the eighth Parliament handed the 2021 finances assertion and financial coverage offered by the Majority Chief, Osei Kyei-Mensah-Bonsu, on behalf of President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo. Which means authorities now has the authorized authority to implement its coverage goals as captured within the finances assertion.

The 2021 finances has the general function of restoring the economic system to progress following the trauma of a worldwide pandemic that upended economies worldwide, together with ours. It additionally seeks to consolidate the various coverage positive aspects from the president’s first time period in workplace.

Within the training sector, the federal government’s coverage intentions seem according to the goals set out within the 2018-30 Schooling Strategic Plan (ESP). I used to be privileged to assist finalise one of some technical individuals drafted by the Ministry of Schooling for that job.

The ESP goals to spice up entry and fairness, enhance high quality, enhance relevance, enhance effectivity and effectiveness and guarantee sustainability. These are linked to the overarching nationwide goals to fulfill the Sustainable Growth Targets espoused by the United Nations in 2015. Intentions are one factor, and cynics may say a finances is only a want listing, however the authorities’s report in training proves that its phrases are something however mere platitudes. An examination of the report ought to show to even essentially the most sceptical that it has the alacrity and the drive to ship on its targets.

In its first 4 years in workplace, this authorities demonstrated its dedication to training, following by way of on its ginormous ambitions with spending to match and guaranteeing the efficient implementation of its plans.

Dr Prince Hamid Armah, NPP MP-elect for Kwesimintsim
Dr Prince Hamid Armah, NPP MP for Kwesimintsim

In 2017, for instance, the federal government spent ¢10.5 billion on training, over a billion greater than ¢9.08 billion was spent in 2016. The will increase continued over the complete time period – ¢12.7 billion in 2018, ¢13.3 billion in 2019, and ¢14.7 billion in 2020. This finances has dedicated to an additional enhance within the training sector expenditure, projecting to use ¢15.6 billion on training this fiscal yr.

This spending sample has, in some vital areas, led to optimistic instructional outcomes. Within the final 4 years, we’ve got seen enhancements in entry, retention, and completion for Ghanaian kids in any respect ranges of training. Within the 2016/17 tutorial yr, for instance, there have been 4,393,061 in major college. This quantity leapt to 4,511,268 within the 2018/19 tutorial yr.

Authorities insurance policies, together with the unprecedented Free SHS programme and the absorption of registration charges for Fundamental Schooling Certificates Schooling candidates, meant that an exponentially bigger variety of college students may transition from junior secondary college to senior highschool, which hitherto remained the best level of faculty dropout.

Within the 2019/20 tutorial yr, there have been 1,200,580 college students in senior highschool, in comparison with the 813,448 enrolled as of the 2016/17 tutorial yr. Worthy of notice is that opposite to analysis expectations, the primary batch of scholars on the Free SHS scheme outperformed their worldwide counterparts within the West African Senior College Certificates Examinations, with greater than half attaining the qualifying grades for entry into tertiary establishments.

And it’s not simply grammar-type SHS enrolment that has improved. There have been vital will increase in Technical and Vocational Schooling and Coaching (TVET) enrolment, which stood at 53,171 within the 2015/16 tutorial yr and had risen to 59,583 by the 2019/19 tutorial yr.

Gross Enrolment Ratio on the tertiary stage now stands at 18.8 per cent, among the many highest within the sub-region, with this authorities laying the muse for a rise globally respectable 40 per cent by 2030. In fact, this must be backed by commensurate growth within the productive sectors of the economic system if we aren’t to compound the prevailing downside of graduate unemployment.

On the outset of this authorities’s tenure, many questioned the dimensions of its ambitions. The services in our colleges had been simply not sufficient to accommodate the numbers we had been bent on admitting. To take care of this infrastructure downside, the Ghana Schooling Belief Fund was authorised to securitize a $1.5 billion facility to fund an accelerated enhance to training infrastructure.

In 2017, the federal government initiated 874 tasks throughout all ranges of training. Of those, 518 have been accomplished with provision made within the 2021 finances to proceed the excellent tasks. Between the 2017/18 and 2018/19 tutorial years alone, 60 extra senior excessive colleges had been added to the nationwide tally, bringing the overall quantity to 690. With funding from the Annual Finances Funding Quantity (ABFA), the federal government has initiated 20 Science, Expertise, Engineering, the Arts and Arithmetic (STEAM) centres across the nation, that are at present at numerous levels of completion.

The primary part of building on the College of Setting and Sustainable Growth has been accomplished and the primary batch of scholars are already in attendance on the establishment. All of this may after all imply little if the standard on provide didn’t serve to advance our mission to construct a data economic system that may enhance life outcomes for almost all of our folks. On this context, the federal government has proven itself to be dedicated to a future the place Ghanaian kids are at no drawback compared with their counterparts anyplace on the planet.

Beneath President Akufo-Addo’s instruction, vital reforms of the content material and construction of our faculty curriculum and evaluation programs have been performed. The standards-based curriculum and the following frequent core programme, if effectively applied, will collectively assist produce a brand new sort of Ghanaian graduate with the repertoire of abilities and competencies that may make them property to the nation and globally aggressive professionals.

As head of the Nationwide Council for Curriculum and Evaluation, the important thing regulatory company for this specific facet of the federal government’s training reform agenda, I can confidently attest to the imaginative and prescient and zeal that drove it and the rigour with which it was executed.

To enrich the varsity curriculum reforms, trainer skilled improvement and studying have been stepped up, with the introduction of the Nationwide Academics Requirements, Nationwide Instructor Schooling Curriculum Framework, and a brand new 4-year trainer training curriculum on the Faculties of Schooling in addition to introducing trainer licencing regime and revisions to how academics are assessed and promoted.

We now demand higher accountability from academics and heads of establishments, with the last word welfare of the kid because the foremost consideration. To spice up educating and studying, 1,823 academics from 303 fundamental colleges have benefited from Matific coaching and have been geared up with pedagogical abilities in educating with know-how. As well as, the federal government has recruited 290 college enchancment and help officers (previously circuit supervisors) to observe the implementation of the brand new college curriculum. And naturally, the restoration of allowances for trainees in our faculties of training motivates our greatest and brightest to take up the career.

In 2020, we launched the Ghana Accountability for Studying Outcomes Challenge (GALOP), a five-year venture to enhance the standard and efficiency of 10,000 low performing fundamental colleges and 28 particular colleges. It is going to additionally replace the abilities of all academics in beneficiary colleges by way of in-service coaching and supply educating and studying supplies.

With a lot executed, there nonetheless stays quite a bit to do if the federal government’s full intentions are to be realised. The yr of Covid-19 was an unwelcome interruption that would have derailed a much less decided authorities. Whereas authorities’s focus will naturally be on restoring financial progress and correcting the basics, it has nonetheless, within the finances, signalled its dedication to continued enhancements within the sector.

The Free SHS programme will obtain GHc 1.97 billion funding this yr. Authorities plans to soak up the registration charges for an estimated 416,066 registered candidates from public Junior Excessive Faculties. These and different interventions ease the burdens of oldsters and maintain college students within the college will price authorities some ¢200 million.

New mannequin SHS

The federal government has additionally signalled its intention to finish 9 new mannequin senior excessive colleges and 7 new SHS colleges specializing in artistic arts, technical and STEM training. Two current colleges – Diaso Neighborhood SHS and Koase Senior Excessive Technical College might be upgraded into mannequin colleges. It will enhance each entry and high quality on the secondary stage.

Enhancements in educating and studying might be aided by the coaching of 11,997 academics on the KG-P6 Customary-Based mostly Curriculum and 95,000 academics on the Frequent Core Programme. We may even conduct the primary Nationwide Customary Evaluation Take a look at (NSAT) for pupils in years 2 and 4 on the major stage. These non-promotional exams will present us with an important dataset on pupils’ attainment of set competencies at these ranges and inform additional changes, the place needed, to educating and studying approaches.

This yr, we are going to begin the five-year Ghana Jobs and Abilities Challenge, which can develop competency-based coaching curricula from stage one to 5 of the Nationwide TVET Qualification Framework (NTVETQF) for 100 trades and professions. It is going to additionally present apprenticeship coaching to a minimal of 700 non-public enterprises and entrepreneurship help to SMEs across the nation. The federal government may even deal with youth unemployment with the operationalisation of Ghana Labour Market Data System and the upgrading of district public employment centres and providers.

On the tertiary stage, the 2021 finances will make sure the launch of the Enhanced Pupil Loans Scheme. As promised within the NPP’s manifesto, which received the approval of Ghanaian voters in 2020, this revised scheme will enable college students to entry loans with out the necessity for guarantors, which has prevented an excellent quantity from doing so.

It will allow extra folks from deprived backgrounds, who’ve additionally benefitted from the free SHS programme to have an equal likelihood at gaining tertiary training and reaching their potential. For his or her counterparts in faculties of training, authorities will spend over Ghc 170 million for the primary and second semesters for trainees.

To its credit score, Akufo-Addo authorities has proven the desire and capability to ship on its guarantees in training. After the trauma of Covid-19, with cash tight and the economic system in a fragile state, it must present that it might do extra with much less. It will require some extra innovation in how authorities applies its finances in pursuit of bold coverage aspirations. If the primary time period is any information, nonetheless, we could be assured that the federal government will comply with by way of on the academic aspirations outlined within the finances.

That is necessary as a result of training has been identified to supply nations with the human capital enhance wanted to carry the plenty out of poverty. The achievement of its objectives in training will undoubtedly empower residents to create and maintain wealth whereas additionally enabling them to demand accountability to enhance governance and defend the general public purse.

Prince Hamid Armah, PhD

The author is the Member of Parliament for Kwesimintsim and the Vice Chairman of the Parliamentary Choose Committee on Schooling. He was beforehand the Director-Normal of the Nationwide Council for Curriculum and Evaluation.

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